A perfect copy of Earth, born in the middle of the life zone, with a temperate climate… transformed into hell when the atmosphere was difficult to breathe, smelling of sulfur just because of something so present on Earth .
A new study led by Dr. Michael Way of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center shows how our Earth narrowly escaped being able to maintain its status as a living planet.
According to the sheet Spacethe work targeted Venus, based on decades of data collected by NASA on the planet since the Magellan spacecraft’s “discovery” in 1990. From that first expedition, the Magellan spacecraft discovered that most of the surface of the planet is covered in volcanic basalt.
Maat Mons, 3 km high, is one of the largest volcanoes on Venus
Maat Mons is 3 km high and is one of the largest volcanoes on Venus – (Photo: NASA).
This shows that this planet has undergone tens, if not hundreds of thousands of years of intense volcanic activity, which occurred at some point in the last billion years. Some volcanic events last up to 1 million years.
Volcanoes are part of geological activity and are truly necessary for maintaining the environmental and climatic stability of a planet. Our own Earth, through geological activity, including plate tectonic dynamics, has helped cultivate a world suitable for life.
But any excess is harmful, and geological activity is too exciting for those who “Mountain of Fire Diem” Both eruptions released so much carbon dioxide that the climate exceeded its tolerance threshold.
Instead of providing the temperature necessary for life, it boils the oceans, causing them to evaporate into the atmosphere, and water vapor is also a greenhouse gas. So the greenhouse effect became fierce, water was also lost to space, and Venus was left with only a dry world filled with carbon dioxide and sulfur.
“Although we are not yet sure how often the events that create these fields occur, we narrow it down by studying the history of Earth itself.” – said Dr. Way.
Earth’s geological data also confirms that violent volcanic events created large areas of basalt. This has even been repeated in recent times, with numerous supervolcanoes causing mass extinctions over the last half-billion years.
A good example is the extinction at the end of the Devonian period (370 million years ago) or “volcanic winter” helped kill off dinosaurs due to meteorite impacts triggering a series of natural disasters. Previously, the Tam Diep – Jurassic mass extinction event was attributed to the formation “fire rock province” The mid-Atlantic magmatic is the largest in the world.
Fortunately, Earth does not activate its volcanoes continuously over a long period of time or excessively like Venus, the climate still has a chance to recover in parallel with new life forms continuing to evolve after the mass extinction .
The study has just been published above Journal of Planetary Sciences provide additional evidence Planetary evolution is a fortuitous event.
In fact, the solar system was born The 3 planets favorable to life are Venus, Earth and Marsall three have evidence of ancient oceans or even ancient life, but currently only Earth is certain to have life.
Back on Venus, the planet most similar to Earth when it was born, NASA plans to explore it more thoroughly in the future. DAVINCI Mission A future mission will study the detailed chemical composition of Venus’ sweltering atmosphere and photograph its atmosphere.
There is also a rear VERITAS mission also from NASA and EnVision of the ESA (European Space Agency) planning a launch in the 2030s, or VOICE which China has announced it will launch in 2027.
Article source: NLD
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A perfect copy of Earth, born in the middle of the life zone, with a temperate climate… transformed into hell when the atmosphere was difficult to breathe, smelling of sulfur just because…