NASA has sent two model astronauts into space as the first step in an ambitious plan to return humans to the Moon.
As part of NASA’s Artemis I mission, two mannequin astronauts were sent into space to test and support the goal of returning humans to the Moon.
During last week’s launch of the Artemis I mission, the first step in an ambitious plan to return humans to the Moon, the US space agency (NASA) took two additional artificial female bodies aboard the Orion spacecraft – models.
The inclusion of these “astronauts” in the mission meets a clear objective: to measure the effects of space radiation on women’s bodies.
The Artemis I mission and the dummies above are part of NASA’s grand plan to establish a permanent base on the Moon.
Two female models Helga and Zohar were sent into space.
Two female models Helga and Zohar were sent into space. (Source: NASA).
This base will eventually serve as a spatial link, helping to raise humans. March.
And to achieve this goal, NASA will need women and people of different races on its missions. In fact, NASA plans to bring women and people of color to the surface of the Moon for the first time.
“It was an incredible sight to see the Space Launch System (SLS) rocket and the Orion spacecraft fly together for the first time. The first test flight without an astronaut’s will allows us to push Orion to its limits in the hostile landscape of deep space, helping us prepare for human exploration on the Moon and eventually Mars.”said NASA official Bill Nelson.
One of the main challenges encountered when returning to the Moon or during deep space missions is the impact of space on the human body over long periods of time. This is something we still don’t understand.
To date, only 12 people have walked on the surface of the Moon. All were astronauts in the US Apollo program, which lasted from 1969 to 1972, and all were white.
The longest a person has left Earth and spent most of their time inside the protective shell of a spacecraft is only about 14 months.
So, basically, we still lack a lot of information about the impact that long-term living in extraterrestrial environments, like walking on the Moon, will have on humans.
Therefore, the main goal of bringing mannequins into the Artemis I mission is to learn how to best protect astronauts.
The information obtained will be very useful in preparing the Artemis II mission, planned for 2024. During this mission, Orion ship will carry human astronauts Moon.
One of the biggest concerns for NASA and its partners in Europe, Canada and Japan is the impact of space radiation.
Without the protection of Earth’s magnetic grid, people in space are at risk of being affected by energetic particles from the Sun.
Protons emitted by the Sun at extremely high speeds can attack cells and damage human genetics. This can increase the risk of cancer for astronauts, in addition to other effects on organs such as the heart and brain.
According to the German Aerospace Center, this risk is higher in women, because certain parts of their body, such as the chest, are more sensitive to radiation than those of men.
It’s time two female models, bearing the first names Helga and Zohar, appear. They are specially designed to measure the level of cosmic radiation caused to women’s bodies in space. Helga and Zohar do not have complete bodies, only including the head and torso. But these parts are simulated with materials similar to human organs, bones and soft tissues.
The only difference between the two models is that Zohar will wear a radiation protection vest called AstroRad, while Helga does not. This involves testing the impact of protective clothing on future astronauts. Both will be connected to many different sensors, allowing scientists to measure the impact of cosmic radiation.
Sitting in the mission command chair is model Moonikin Campos.
Sitting in the mission command chair is model Moonikin Campos. (Source: NASA).
The commander’s seat of Artemis I is occupied by another male model, named Mooney Campos. This mannequin is equipped with its own radiation sensor.
Moonikin Campos also wears a suit called the first generation Orion Crew Survival System – which is also the suit astronauts will wear on future human missions to the Moon.
Information obtained from the three mannequins will allow NASA and its partners to better prepare to protect the health of astronauts, helping them be ready to perform challenging tasks such as landing on the Moon and beyond . The hybrid involves traveling into deep space.
Article source: Vietnam+
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NASA has sent two model astronauts into space to carry out an ambitious plan to return humans to the Moon in the future.