July 1 – Conjunction of Venus and Mars
Venus and Mars will be in conjunction and will be only 3.5 degrees apart in the sky. The event will take place on July 1st at dusk. Both planets will be visible to the naked eye in the constellation Leo.
July 3 – Full Moon, Super Moon
The Moon will be in a position relative to the Sun, so the entire surface of the Moon will be illuminated. This phase will take place at 6:40 p.m. The July full moon is also called the retirement moon by Native American tribes because during this time the deer’s antlers will begin to grow. This lunar season is also known as the Thunder Moon or the Straw Moon. This is also the first supermoon of 3 supermoons in 2023. The moon will be closest to Earth and will therefore appear a little larger and brighter than usual.
Size comparison between Super Moon and Super Mini Moon, Catalin Paduraru.
July 18 – New Moon
The Moon will be on the same side as Earth relative to the Sun, so we won’t be able to see it at all in the night sky. This phase will take place at 01:33. This is a great time to observe other faint celestial objects such as galaxies and star clusters, as they will not be affected by moonlight.
July 29 and 30 – Delta Aquarids Meteor Shower
Delta Aquarids are a medium meteor shower and at their peak can reach up to 20 meteors per hour. The Delta Aquarids meteor shower is created from debris left behind by comets Marsden and Kracht. This meteor shower occurs every year from July 12 to August 23 and reaches its peak on the night of July 29 and early morning of July 30. In 2023, the new moon will create ideal conditions for viewing this meteor shower, especially after midnight and in dark places. Meteors will radiate from the constellation Aquarius, but can appear anywhere in the sky.
See more 2023 ephemeris here: https://deepsky2000.net/lich-cac-su-kien-thien-van-nam-2023