Physicists say a new study of the microscopic structure of black holes promises to pave the way to solving the mysteries of the universe..
Black holes are regions of space-time with gravitational fields so strong that nothing can escape, not even light. As a result, most of these giant objects drift invisibly through space, making it difficult to resolve many open questions about their mind-bending properties.
Black holes are regions of space-time with powerful gravitational fields from which nothing can escape.
Black holes are regions of space-time with strong gravitational fields, from which nothing can escape.
Scientists now believe there is a way to confirm an important mystery about black holes and whether they create vortex structures. All thanks to the search for specific signs in space. These vortices will have a structure similar to the vortex maelstrom of a tornado and whirlpools, but instead they will arise in many places in the black hole.
In addition to shedding light on black holes, these clues are potentially revealing “a window of observation for different areas of potential” of the universe, including the nature of dark matter.
While popular descriptions of black holes often make them resemble giant space vortices, the presence of vortices in these entities is a matter of debate. The research team, with the participation of team leader Gia Dvali, director of the Max Planck Institute for Physics in Germany, presented new theoretical evidence that black holes rotate rapidly and “naturally supports the vortex structure” and the black hole vortex can cause “observable consequences”.
Dvali and his colleagues said: “The microscopic structure of black holes is not yet well understood. One of the main obstacles is the lack of experimental probes into the quantum properties of black holes. It is important to identify and explore microscopic theories that lead to macroscopically observable phenomena.
The research team shared more: “We will help raise awareness vortex phenomenon. We believe that…the properties of vortices in black holes can be understood without resorting to quantum gravity calculation techniques.
The new research is partly inspired by experimental studies on Bose-Einstein condensate, a supercooled state of matter with strange quantum properties useful for modeling the behavior of black holes. According to the Dvali research team, numerous laboratory tests have shown formation of vortices in these condensates. This shows that structures can also form in black holes with extremely fast rotation speeds.
These structures could also lead to extraordinary advances beyond black holes
These structures could also lead to extraordinary advances beyond black holes.
The presence of the vortex could explain why rapidly rotating black holes do not appear to produce Hawking radiation, a type of black body radiation emitted by black holes. These structures could also lead to extraordinary advances beyond black holes, notably by offering the possibility of “gateway to the realm of dark matter”.
This figurative portal can be hidden in extremely bright objects called galactic core are active and powered by supermassive black holes located at the centers of large galaxies. These cores fire giant jets of plasma that travel at almost the speed of light and can last for more than a million light years.
Dvali and colleagues note that these energetic jets can emit magnetic signatures of the vortex into the light and can be captured and decoded from telescope images. The jets are also thought to interact with dark matter, an unknown substance that makes up most of the mass in the universe. As a result, future observations of the jets and the vortex signatures they contain will inform the quest to understand dark matter.
Florian Kühnel, a cosmologist at Ludwig Maximilian University in Munich, Germany and co-author of the study, said: “We have only just started studying the vortex field of black holes. There are countless important and exciting questions to answer to open the door to exciting new quantum aspects of spacetime.
The research was published in the journal Physical Review Letters.
Article source: VNReview
If something is wrong with the article Black hole creates mysterious vortex ‘structure’ that could be key to opening ‘gate’ to dark matter article, or if the content is incorrect, please contact us contact so we can correct it. I edited it again.
Physics experts say a new study of the microscopic structure of black holes promises to open the door to solving the mysteries of the universe’s dark matter.