Travel to the Moon, private spaceflight or the wider solar system are all things that could happen in space by 2023.
American technology magazine MIT Technology Review estimates that humans will return to the Moon by 2023. Many unmanned test flights to the Moon are planned next year, driven by efforts by the new US mission to bring humans back to the 5th largest natural satellite. in the solar system.
Jill Stuart, a space policy expert at the London School of Economics in the United Kingdom, said that in previous years research often focused on sending humans to Mars. “but now let’s return to the Moon.”
The year 2023 could see significant advances in human spaceflight, including the first spacewalks and new voyages to other locations in the solar system.
Journey to the Moon
A lander will reach the Moon in early 2023. On December 11, 2022, the Japanese Hakuto-R lander carrying the UAE’s Rashidid autonomous robot flew to the Moon using SpaceX’s launch system. The devices are placed atop a Falcon 9 rocket launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, United States.
Simulation of the Rashid rover and the Hakuto-R lander on the surface of the Moon.
Simulation of the Rashid autonomous robot and the Hakuto-R lander on the surface of the Moon. (Photo: isρace)
According to ispace, a Tokyo company, Hakuto-R train It is expected to land on the Moon around March 2023. If successful, Hakuto-R could become the first private lander to complete a mission to the Moon in 2023.
In addition, two US private landers, the Peregrine ship from technology group Astrobotic and the Nova-C ship from Intuitive Machines, are also expected to launch to the Moon at the same time.
Both are NASA-supported missions with various instruments on board to study the lunar environment, as part of the agency’s Commercial Lunar Payload Services program, which aims to promote commercial interests on the Moon.
“The Moon attracts more and more attention over the years”said Jon Cowart, a NASA expert, who currently works at the Aerospace Corporation in the United States.
Intuitive Machines Company plans to send a lander to land on the Moon a second time in 2023. Indian and Japanese space agencies also plan to send landers to the Moon next year. India hopes to launch the Chandrayaan-3 lander in August 2023.
This will be the country’s second attempt to send a lander to the Moon, with the first taking place in 2019. Meanwhile, Japan has not yet set a date for the launch of the SLIM lander on the moon. In 2023, Russia also plans to send the Luna-25 lander to Earth’s only natural satellite.
Since May 2020, SpaceX has used the Crew Dragon spacecraft to transport astronauts into space, some of whose members have traveled to the International Space Station (ISS) under contract with NASA and others who have carried out their own missions.
SpaceX has launched the historic Crew Dragon spacecraft to the ISS.
SpaceX has launched the historic Crew Dragon spacecraft to the ISS. (Photo: Getty Images).
However, Mission Dawn Polaris from SpaceX, scheduled for March 2023, will be a big step forward. For Project Polaris Dawn, the crew is expected to go further into space than any previous Crew Dragon spacecraft mission.
Polaris Dawn’s flight of four commercial astronauts will aim for a maximum Earth orbit of 1,200 km, higher than any human spacecraft since the Apollo missions.
This mission could help NASA decide whether a future mission could be used to service the Hubble Space Telescope, a possibility the agency is exploring with SpaceX.
Axiom-2 and Axiom-3two more private spaceflights using the Crew Dragon spacecraft, are also expected to travel to the ISS in 2023.
Many experts are also eagerly awaiting the return of Blue Origin, the aerospace company of American billionaire Jeff Bezos, to the space race. This company ceased operations after a rocket launch failure in September 2022.
However, all of these developments in commercial human spaceflight could be overshadowed by the first orbital attempt of SpaceX’s giant, reusable Starship rocket. The Starship rocket is undergoing launch pad testing in early December and will launch in 2023, and possibly late 2022.
If successful, the rocket will surpass NASA’s Space Launch System as the largest rocket in orbit, potentially changing human space exploration.
“The ability to put more mass into orbit opens up new opportunities. This could include human missions to Mars or beyond. But there is still a long way to go. 2023 is definitely an important year for Starship”said Uma Bruegman, a space strategy expert at the US non-profit Aerospace Corporation.
Other locations in the solar system
New voyages to other places in the solar system will also receive a lot of attention in 2023.
April 2023 will see a new mission led by the European Space Agency (ESA) called JUICE, with the mission to explore Jupiter’s icy moon. Expected to fly into Jupiter’s orbit in 2031, JUICE spaceship will conduct detailed studies of the moons Ganymede, Callisto and Europa, all of which are thought to have oceans that could support life beneath their icy surfaces.
“This is the first mission to focus primarily on the icy Moons. We know that these icy moons have very deep oceans and can provide conditions suitable for life to develop. »said Mark McCaughrean, senior advisor for science and exploration at ESA.
Later in 2023, ESA expects another important mission, which will be launch of the Euclid space telescope to search for dark matter.
In October 2023, NASA will launch an important scientific mission: discover 16 Psyche, a giant asteroid located in the asteroid belt. 16 Psyche represents up to 1% of the mass of the entire belt and is believed to be the core of an ancient planet. It is a metallic asteroid containing a lot of iron, nickel and gold.
OSIRIS-REx mission NASA is expected to return to Earth in September 2023 with samples from the asteroid Bennu. Amazon aims to send up the first Project Kuiper satellites in early 2023, the start of an orbital communications network of 3,000 satellites that it hopes will compete with SpaceX’s Starlink satellite internet service.
“There will be a lot of activity in space next year. I’m very excited about this.said expert Cowart.
Article source: VOV
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Travel to the Moon, private spaceflight or the wider solar system are all things that could happen in space in 2023…