The James Webb supertelescope’s latest observations of an ultracold region of space containing the building blocks of life should help scientists understand how habitable planets came to be.
The James Webb Space Telescope, developed and operated by NASA, with support from ESA and CSA (the European and Canadian space agencies), has set a new record for observation and data collection.The cold ice in the extreme depths of Chameleon Molecular Cloud I.
A thin blue cloud of molecular gas with bright spots from distant stars
A thin blue cloud of molecular gas with bright spots from distant stars – (Photo: James Webb/NASA/ESA/CSA).
According to Live Science, the scientists used James Webb’s infrared camera to zoom in. the extremely dark and cold region of the molecular cloud 500 light years away.
They identified unexpected things in a place with a lethal temperature of minus 263 degrees Celsius, which is just a bit far from absolute zero.
These are frozen molecules including carbonyl sulfur, ammonia, methane, methanol, etc.
According to a study recently published in a scientific journal Nature, These familiar molecules will one day be part of the hot core of a newborn star, as well as exoplanets, many of which could be habitable.
They also hold what is called “the building blocks of life”waiting to sow the seeds of life when a suitable planet is born: Carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen and sulfur, a The “molecular mixture of life” is called COHNS.
“Our results provide insight into the initial dark chemical stage of ice formation on interstellar dust grains, which would transform into centimeter-sized pebbles from which crystals would form.” – said lead author Melissa McClure from the Leden Observatory (Netherlands).
Molecular clouds like Chameleon I – aka Chameleon I – is a nursery of stars and planets. Over millions of years, the gases, ice and dust it contains will form larger structures. Certain structures heat up in the hearts of young stars.
As these young stars develop, they will attract more and more material towards them and become hotter and hotter, eventually forming a newborn star surrounded by a dense disk of gas and dust, where she designs pure planets.
Astronomer McClure added: “These observations open a new window into the pathways that form the simple and complex molecules necessary to build the building blocks of life.”
James Webb is the world’s most advanced space telescope which, according to NASA’s statement, in addition to its main mission of finding worlds of the early universe – billions of light years away from us – can also help the humanity to search for life in the places where astronomers are found. skeptical.
Article source: NLD
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Recent observations by the James Webb supertelescope of an extremely cold space containing the building blocks of life should help scientists understand…