In the near future, the American Aerospace Agency (NASA) will announce a list of 4 astronauts participating in the Artemis II mission.which is part of the larger Artemis program to return humans to the Moon for the first time in over 50 years.
Scheduled for launch in 2024, Artemis II will be the first human flight around the Moon in the Artemis program, paving the way for the Artemis III mission which will allow astronauts to walk the planet in 2025. In addition to announcing the nationality of the astronauts participating in Artemis II, 3 Americans and 1 Canadian, NASA has almost not made public the identity of the crew or the selection process. However, through interviews with numerous current and retired NASA officials, CNN revealed this organization’s selection method.
The 8 best candidates for the Artemis II mission.
The 8 best candidates for the Artemis II mission. (Photo: CNN).
Identify “the right team” A space mission has always been a mysterious process dating back to the 1950s, when NASA was preparing the first American Mercury program to send people into space. Even though the selection criteria have changed, the process remains very secret. CNN said the decision on who will fly to the Moon will be made by three key figures at NASA’s Johnson Space Center (JSC). The first character in the process above is the Director of the Astronaut Office. This person will present the first nominations to the head of the flight operations directorate and then to the director of the JSC. The JSC Director will be responsible for approving the final 4 choices.
The candidate pool is more diverse
From the beginning, NASA emphasized the need to have a space program called Artemis, named after the twin sister of the goddess Apollo in Greek mythology, with a crew diverse in terms of gender, race, ethnicity and profession.
NASA currently has a much richer pool of astronaut candidates than the Mercury program (all 7 astronauts at the time were male, white, and military pilots). More than a third of the 41 Artemis generation astronauts are women and 12 are people of color. The Artemis generation astronauts are also diverse in their professions, with only 16 pilots while the rest are experts in biology, geography, oceanography, engineering and science.
Because the Director of the Astronaut Office is not qualified to fly in space, in November 2022, Mr. Reid Wiseman resigned from this position for the opportunity to fly around the Moon for 10 days and then return there to come back. If Mr. Wiseman, a white man, is chosen, the remaining places on the Artemis II crew must have at least one “pink shadow” and at least one person of color.
Besides Mr. Wiseman, there are many other outstanding candidates, including Victor Glover, Randy Bresnik, Cristina Koch, Jessica Meir, Anne Mclain and Stephanie Wilson. Among them, Bresnik is considered the favorite candidate because since 2018, this 55-year-old astronaut has overseen the development program of the astronaut office and tested all rockets and spacecraft that will be used for the Artemis missions.
|Apollo Program implemented by the United States in the 1960s, with the mission of sending humans to the Moon and returning astronauts safely to Earth by 1970. This goal was achieved by the Apollo 11 mission in July- 1969. Apollo 11 was a space flight that landed with the first men to land on the Moon, two American astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin. American astronaut Gene Cernan was the last person to set foot on the Moon in 1972.|
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Here, the United States Aerospace Agency (NASA) announced the list of 4 astronauts participating in the Artemis II mission, which is part of the larger Artemis program…