Under the terrible gravitational force of the black hole, the star underwent the process of “spaghetti transformation” and was stretched and torn before being swallowed.
Nicknamed as “monsters of the universe”, black hole is one of the greatest mysteries of humanity’s space exploration journey. Most black holes are very large and their gravity is so strong that no light can escape.
This phenomenon is called “macaroniization”.
This phenomenon is called “macaroniization”. (Photo: ESO).
Therefore, they are more difficult to detect, silently affecting the orbits of planets through gravity and waiting for the opportunity to devour all matter in their path. Recently, NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope recorded this terrifying scene: A black hole “eats” a star in the middle of the universe.
“Events like this are very difficult to observe; usually only the beginning of the process can be recorded, when there is plenty of light. This time we were able to observe early and fully understand the process., researcher Peter Maksym of the Center for Astrophysics | Harvard and Smithsonian shared.
NASA images show that the star, as it passed through the black hole, was pulled by gravity, distorted and stretched into a long trail of light.. This phenomenon is called “spaghettification”. causing objects to be stretched and compressed laterally into long, thin shapes.
In this case, after the star observed by Hubble was torn apart, the debris was formed by the extremely strong attraction of the black hole. This debris is sucked up in long trails, forming matter flow torus similar to a donut and orbiting the black hole in a chaotic manner. Then the black hole will swallow up all this matter, releasing a huge stream of light and radiation.
The process by which the black hole “eats” the star.
The process by which the black hole “eats” the star. (Photo: NASA).
“The images recorded are the moments before the donut-shaped flow of material disappeared. We saw a wind coming from the black hole sweeping across the surface at 20 million miles per hour.Maksym said.
According to scientists, this is a spectacular phenomenon in the universe due to the phenomenon of black holes. “eat meat” Stellar events recorded by the Hubble Telescope typically occur only once every 100,000 years.
In fact, the event where a black hole swallows a star does not happen in real time. This phenomenon occurred 300 million light years from Earth, meaning the black hole devoured the star 300 million years ago.
But so far, light has only reached Earth to help NASA scientists witness and record. However, Hubble images record the entire process “black hole meal” This is a golden opportunity for astronomers to observe black holes, because they are always dark and invisible, Cnet said.
Launched into orbit in 1990, Hubble was once the world’s most powerful space telescope. The Hubble Telescope can make exceptionally precise observations of ultraviolet and visible light. During more than 30 years of observation, the Hubble Space Telescope has taught us that every galaxy always has a black hole at the center and that its size is also proportional to the size of the galaxy.
The first image of a black hole is published.
The first image of a black hole is published. (Photo: NASA).
Black holes tend to form when a large star dies and are known as the tomb of matter because nothing can escape them, including light. The fate of someone falling into a black hole is truly dire. Under the terrible gravitational force of the black hole, their bodies will undergo a “spaghetti transformation” process, causing every part, bone and even atom to be torn apart.
“There are still very few star-eating black hole phenomena recorded by ultraviolet systems because they will bring a lot of new information. Therefore, we are excited to now receive a wealth of black hole-related data from the recorded event. Emily Engelthaler, scientist at the Center for Astrophysics | Harvard and Smithsonian said.
This event has the scientific code name AT2022dsb, recorded on March 1, 2022 by the All Sky Automated Survey System (ASAS) observatory. The event attracted a lot of attention from astronomers.
Article source: Zing
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Under the terrible gravitational force of the black hole, the star underwent a “spaghetti transformation” process, being stretched and torn apart before being swallowed. Known as…