On November 23, researchers solved the mystery of giant black holes, gobbling up surrounding matter and releasing giant, glowing jets of energy particles into space.
Use data from Imaging X-ray Polarimetry Explorer (IXPE) Space Observatory recently deployed, researchers launched explanation of the existence of black holes.
Imaging X-ray Polarimetry Explorer (IXPE) Space Observatory
The Imaging X-ray Polarimetry Explorer (IXPE) space observatory measures the rays of the Markarian 501 galaxy – (Photo: REUTERS).
Most galaxies form around massive black holes. Most black holes are relatively harmless, like the one at the center of the Milky Way on Earth. But some are very fierce, engulfing surrounding matter and releasing giant, glowing beams of energy particles into space.
According to Reuters, the researchers explain that the rays of light emitted by the shock waves traveling at supersonic speeds out of the black hole energized subatomic particles called electrons.
They studied a strange object called “blazar” in the center of Markarian 501a large elliptical galaxy located approximately 460 million light years from Earth in the direction of the constellation Hercules.
Blazars include supermassive black holes capable of swallowing a disk of gas, dust and jets of matter that they release at the speed of light. If these matter rays point directly toward Earth, this object is considered a blazer.
“Blazars are the most persistent shiny objects in the universe we see. They have the most energy. They have the biggest and scariest black holes. Everything that happens around them is very fascinating. »said astronomer Yannis Liodakis of the Finnish Astronomy Center, lead author of the study.
Scientists have long understood how the rays emitted by blazars can shine over a distance of about a million light years.
Mr. Alan Marscher, astrophysicist and co-author of the study from Boston University, said: “The light we see comes from rays coming from electrons. The type of rays we observed at Markarian 501 could only come from very high energy electrons.”
The driving force behind all this is a black hole, an extremely dense object with gravity so strong that even light cannot escape.
The supermassive black hole at the center of Markarian 501 has a mass about a billion times that of our Sun and about 200 times the mass of Sagittarius A*, the supermassive black hole in the Milky Way.
Article source: Tuoi Tre
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On November 23, researchers solved the mystery of giant black holes, gobbling up surrounding matter and releasing giant jets of energy particles and…