In winter, the weather is usually cold, windy, and the trees are bare, the sky is always gray, dark in color, with clouds and not clouds, sometimes the night sky appears but shows it. Another beautiful color – The color of the sky stars…
Of course, winter is often cold and you will be afraid to go out in winter, not to mention intend to look at the stars when the sky is not known or not? However, if you are someone who really loves the beauty of the starry sky, you should not miss the winter sky, as it will truly captivate you. Now come with me, let’s explore. the most beautiful constellations.
Bring a warm coat before leaving to observe the stars, a warm towel, a glove, a compass, a map of the stars and if possible equip yourself with a tube. Take a closer look…and before we head out, let’s check the weather forecast for tonight. Let’s start with the first constellation…
Orion – The Beauty of Mythology
In winter, when you look up at the clear sky, you will see in the quiet east rise a majestic man holding a sword and a large shield who seems to be going to war, this is the constellation of the Magus, also known as the ‘Orion. .
Constellation of Orion
Those who love starry sky know winter sky is really famous for Orion constellation, Orion is a constellation with many stars of sky shining type, here are some main stars listed here of Orion constellation.
– Meissa (λ) is the head of Orion.
– Betelgeuse (α), is the right shoulder of the Hunter
– Bellatrix (γ), “warrior woman”, is located on Orion’s left shoulder.
– Alnitak, Alnilam and Mintaka (ζ, ε and δ) the three straight stars known as Orion’s belt: these three bright stars aligned; Even with just these three stars, people can still recognize Orion.
– Saiph is located at Orion’s right knee.
– Rigel (β), located at the left knee of the constellation, is a large white star, one of the brightest stars in the sky. It has 3 companion stars, which are generally difficult to see.
– Hatsya (ι) is located at the tip of the sword of Orion.
The symbols α, β, λ… are Latin symbols to represent the brightness level of the star in the constellation.
In Greek mythology, Orion considered himself the greatest hunter in the world. Hera, the wife of Zeus, heard this and sent a scorpion to kill Orion. Orion was stung by a scorpion and died. Zeus took pity on Orion and placed him in the sky. The scorpion was also taken to heaven, becoming the constellation Scorpio. An interesting thing is that when this constellation rises on the horizon, the other constellation begins to set. Therefore, the two mortal enemies never saw each other.
This is perhaps the explanation for the naming of the two constellations above according to this myth.
However, what is worth mentioning about this constellation is not because of its fascinating accumulation, but because in the location of this constellation there are many bright nebulae, the most famous of which is the nebula of the horse’s head. If you have a pair of binoculars in hand, point them at the handle of the constellation Orion, where you will see countless shimmering rays of light, which is the Orion Nebula (M42).
How to identify the constellation of Orion? Look up to the sky, to the east, look up to find a strong man with a shield and a sword. You can easily identify Orion by three aligned stars, as shown in the figure, these three stars are the key to determine where Orion is.
With this Orion constellation, you can easily identify other famous constellations around it, such as Big Dog, Little Dog, Taurus, Aries, Gemini…
Now I would like to introduce you to a famous constellation similar to Orion, do you know what it is? Let me ask you a question: In the sky, apart from the celestial bodies of the solar system, which celestial body is the brightest? Can you answer this question in three seconds?
The answer is Sirius Star, also known as Libra, and the constellation that contains it is Canis Major, or its Latin name, Canis Major. It is in the 48 classical Ptolemaic constellations as well as the 88 modern constellations.
In Greek mythology, the great dog is a hunting dog that follows the hunter Orion. and in reality the hunter Orion had not one but two dogs after him, and another, a small dog, which we will see later.
The dog follows the hunter Orion
How is the constellation Canis Greater determined?
You already know the constellation of Orion well and you can probably identify it completely by now. Now look up towards the constellation of Orion, you will see three stars lined up the size of the constellation. Orion, connect three straight lines down, this line will intersect the very bright star Sirius, a star in the constellation Canis Major, now you know exactly where the constellation Canis Major is, right? Now imagine a dog following a hunter and the brightest star is on the dog’s neck. As shown in the image, you will recognize the constellation Canis Major.
What are the characteristics of the Grand Canis constellation?
Like Orion, it is one of the constellations used to determine position and direction. Remember that the brightest star in the night sky is Sirius.
Besides the brightest star in our sky, Sirius, there is another star which exists with weak light and is considered as a mysterious companion of the star, named Thien Lang B (Sirius B).
In fact, the star Sirius is a binary star, composed of two stars which are the star Sirius A and the star Sirius B, in which the main star is Sirius A, very bright, and its companion, Sirius B is a white dwarf star. . The brightness of Sirius is around -1.4, which is very bright in the night sky. Sirius is one of the three stars of the winter triangle and one of the 7 stars of the winter hexagon which I will introduce to you later.
There is a piece of advice for those who are in love, compare the person you love to the star Sirius B, which is small but very heavy, and you, be the star Sirius A, which shines brightly to protect this small star. .. And tell your lover that.. your love will forever be the brightest in the sky like the twin star Sirius.. and that light will be lost if.. either of you is wrong.. because she’s no different than the little star over thereIt’s good! but why not? Sirius only gets up every winter. keep your love.