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Phu Lien Observatory

Phu Lien Observatory

The project has an area of ​​2 hectares located on Phu Lien Mountain and is a place to store many valuable documents on the history of astronomy and hydrometeorology in Vietnam to serve scientific research. The project is also a daily workplace with the task of transmitting hydrometeorological forecast information in the Northeast region of Vietnam to weather stations in Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia and international weather stations in the Southeast region. East, Asia, Asia – Pacific to create maps and weather maps. to serve maritime traffic activities in the East Sea.

Phu Lien meteorological station is currently one of the main research centers of Vietnam’s meteorological industry. serving hydrometeorological research on the continent and coastal areas of northeastern Vietnam.

The model of the Phu Lien meteorological station is currently being built at the Vietnam Astronomical Museum for use in research work.

Russian experts have installed weather monitoring equipment at the Phu Lien weather station. (Documentary photo)

The heliostat used to record the number of hours of sunshine per day was funded by the Netherlands.

The radar equipment installed by France at the Phu Lien meteorological station has a scanning diameter of the entire Northeast region.
Officer controlling radar equipment analyzing clouds in the northeast region of Vietnam.

On April 25, 1900, Governor General of Indochina Paul Dumer issued Decree 421 authorizing the construction of the main building of the Meteorological Department of Indochina, located on Phu Lien Mountain, 116 m above sea level, which is also the headquarters of the radio station. Hydrometeorology of Indochina. On September 16, 1902, the hydrometeorological and geomagnetic station located in Phu Lien was officially established. At that time, Phu Lien Mountain was a favored place for weather research and forecasting in the Indochina region, including 12 weather stations and 29 climate stations. The station prides itself on being a hydrometeorological forecasting research center comparable to the American Meteorological Station in Manila (Philippines) and the Tokyo Meteorological Station (Japan). On November 5, 1976, it was renamed Phu Lien Hydrometeorological Station and the name has remained the same until today.

In 1963 the station was re-established for regional weather forecasting, in 1970 the largest and most modern optical telescope in Indochina was installed and in 1978 an astronomical dome was built; At the same time, during these years, 9 weather, climate and agricultural stations were established under the station, the farthest of which is the Bach Long Vi island station.

At the end of 2002, Vietnam Astronomy Museum At the Phu Lien meteorological station, it was inaugurated on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the station. Many valuable documents and materials are preserved here, illustrating the 100 years of operation and development of the hydrometeorological industry, Vietnam’s astronomical achievements, and the results of cooperation with friendly countries such as Poland and France. , Japan in upgrading hydrometeorological monitoring equipment to serve traditional technologies. scientific research and education.

After more than 100 years of development, Phu Lien hydrometeorological station still brings pride to Hai Phong residents as it is the main weather forecasting research center in the northeastern region of Vietnam, quickly forecasting weather phenomena. Dangerous weather phenomena such as storms, tropical depressions, floods… at sea, notably feeding into the national general forecast bulletin. This is a quiet but noble work, contributing significantly to the development of the island economy and maintaining the security and sovereignty of the islands and islands in the northeast of the country.

Not only is it a scientific research center, but the Phu Lien meteorological station is also a highlight of the Kien An mountain complex, presenting the appearance of a French architectural work, mixed with oriental elements. The architectural highlight is that the building is constructed of green stone, the gate is carved with elegant Western-style patterns, the house has symmetrical block-shaped pillars, a 6-story tower at the back, and a staircase in spiral leading to the summit. The tower has a theodolite to set the local time, a meteorological garden serves as an observation… If the main building presents a Western architectural style, the entrance portal system is bold in the “three” architecture gates” of the West. Dragon Gate, Phuong Gate…

With its historical and architectural values, Phu Lien Weather Station always brings pride to the port locals and is also an interesting place to visit whenever tourists come to the city.…t/default.aspx
Story: Thuc Hien – Photo: Tran Thanh Giang
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