The climate on Earth can be harsh, even deadly, but elsewhere in the solar system the weather is scarier..
Acid rain on Venus
The Akatsuki probe (Japan) photographed the clouds of Venus in ultraviolet light.
The Akatsuki probe (Japan) took photos of Venus’ clouds in ultraviolet light. (Photo: JĄXA/ISAS/DARTS/Damia Bouic).
The clouds on Venus contain sulfuric acid and cover the entire planet. These clouds can cause acid rain. However, Venus is so hot that acid rain evaporates while it is still tens of kilometers from the surface. Additionally, Venus’ atmosphere is so dense that the pressure on the planet would be the same as at a depth of 900 m underwater.
Storms are wider than Earth on Jupiter
Great Red Spot superstorm south of Jupiter.
The Great Red Spot superstorm is located south of Jupiter. (Photo: NASA).
The Center for Severe Weather Research (CSWR) Doppler System on Wheels (DOW) recorded the highest wind speed on Earth of 484 km/h on May 3, 1999, belonging to a prolonged period of gusty winds . in Oklahoma City. If we take the daily average, the low wind speed record is about 1/3, with a level of 174 km/h recorded at the Port Martin Research Station (Antarctica) on March 21 and 22, 1951 These winds are still very modest compared to the winds of the gas giant planets.
Big red spot is a giant anticyclonic storm on Jupiter, so large that it can fit Earth and Venus inside and still have room to spare. It has been around for at least 200 years, perhaps even almost twice that age. Winds in the Great Red Spot can easily rival the winds of the strongest tornado on the planet, while at the outer edge, winds can reach 450 km/h.
Simulation of storms on Jupiter. (Video: NASĄ).
Supersonic winds on Neptune
To experience truly terrifying winds, people need Neptune. According to NASA estimates, at high altitudes, wind speeds on Neptune can exceed 1,770 km/h. This means that the winds on Neptune reach supersonic levels. On Earth, winds of 800 km/h can easily lift people.
Rain of diamonds
Neptune and Uranus are also experiencing another strange weather phenomenon. Experts believe that in the atmospheres of these two planets, when the pressure is high enough, carbon transforms into diamonds and falls into the center of the planet, forming a shower of diamonds.
Lightning is 1,000 times more powerful than on Earth
On Earth, lightning appears in relatively low clouds, where water exists in all three states (liquid, solid, gas), but Jupiter is not as limited. This planet has clouds of ammonia and water, where the ammonia acts as an antifreeze allowing lightning to occur at higher altitudes. On Earth, thunderstorms are much more frequent than on Saturn and Jupiter, but lightning is also much weaker. Researchers estimate that lightning on these two gas giant planets can be 1,000 times more powerful than lightning on Earth.
Lightning-related phenomena on Jupiter are also very impressive when observed under ultraviolet light. Planetary scientists once discovered rite-shaped lightning flying from the cloud tops of this planet. On Earth, lightning sprites are long tendrils of red light that resemble jellyfish. They appear when lightning creates a quasi-electrostatic field at high altitude.
Article source: VnExpress
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The climate on Earth is gradually becoming very harsh, even deadly, but in other places in the solar system the weather is even more frightening…