Mount Olympus on Mars is considered the largest mountain in the solar system and the tallest of the eight planets, it is 2.4 times higher than Mount Everest. We have to stand out in space if we want to see the panoramic view of this mountain.
Mount Olympus (Olympus Mons) on Mars 21,171 meters higher than the standard mark of Mars, which is about 2.4 times the height of Mount Everest (including snow depth at the summit – 8,848 meters above sea level). However, if calculated vertically from the foot of the mountain to the peak of the mountain, the peak of Olympus will reach 21,900 meters high.
Mount Olympus is a shield volcano on Mars.
Mount Ollympus is a shield volcano on Mars. Shield volcano is a large volcano with a broad upper surface and a gentle slope, like a shield. Volcanoes with this shape also exist in large numbers on Earth, for example, the Big Island of Hawaii is a typical shield volcano with an area of 10,414 square kilometers, and an altitude of approximately 4,000 meters.
Some say its height may not be correct because there is no ocean on Mars. However, although there is no sea level on Mars, the Martian benchmark mentioned here has the same meaning as sea level on Earth. Furthermore, this landmark is not the lowest point on the surface of Mars, for example the 1,000 km plain located northwest of Olympus Mons is 5,000 meters lower in altitude compared to the landmark of March.
If calculated using this plain as a reference point, the vertical height of Mount Olympus will reach 26 km.
The height of Mount Olympus is almost 2.4 times that of Mount Everest on Earth.
If geodetic reference system (datum) of Mars is equal to sea level on Earth, the height of Mount Olympus is almost 2.4 times that of Mount Everest on Earth! The crater of this shield volcano consists of 6 superimposed craters, with a length and width of 80 x 60 km.
The deepest place below sea level on Earth is 11,000 meters, but this is not the average depth of the entire ocean. The average depth of Earth’s oceans is about 3,700 meters. If this depth is taken as the geodetic benchmark of the Earth, the absolute height of Mount Everest will be 12,548 meters, from where it can be seen. It is still much lower than Mount Olympus on Earth. March.
Olympus Mons is located at 18.65 degrees north latitude and 226.2 degrees east longitude on Mars. The width of the entire mountain is about 600 km, which means that the average horizontal distance from the foot to the top of the mountain is up to 300 km. Therefore, Mount Olympus is completely invisible from the foot of the mountain and can only be seen in its entirety from space.
The massiveness of Mount Olympus is still considered unique in the solar system
Until now, the massiveness of Mount Olymus is still considered unique in the solar system, and no planet has ever been blessed with such a large mountain. Due to its enormous size, we will not be able to see its full image from the surface of Mars.
Mount Everest is the highest peak in the Himalayas, the average altitude of the Himalayas is 6,000 meters, formed by the collision and extrusion of two large continental plates. Unlike Mount Olympus, the slopes of Mount Everest are very steep, the northern slopes have an average slope of up to 45 degrees, and in many places there are steep cliffs, which makes climbing quite difficult.
Although Mount Olympus has a great vertical height, it is not as steep as Mount Everest.its slope is very gentle, we can therefore say that If we climb Mount Olympus, we will encounter fewer difficulties than if we climb Mount Everest.
Ollympus Mons is a volcano and it erupted in the past, but then the core of Mars gradually cooled, currently it is only an extinct volcano, and it is also considered the largest volcano in the system solar with an area of approximately 300,000 square kilometers.
Olympus Mons is a shield volcano and this type of volcano also exists on Eartht. Mauna Loa (Hawaiian: Mauna Kea) is one of the largest shield volcanoes on Earth. Additionally, Mauna Loa Volcano is also the mountain with the greatest height difference between the base of the mountain and the top of the mountain on Earth, from the base of the mountain to an altitude of 5,998 meters below sea level. the Pacific Ocean. The mountain is at an altitude of 4,205 meters above sea level, the height difference between the foot of the mountain and the peak of the mountain is 10,203 meters.
Mountains are mostly made of rock, so their ability to withstand pressure is limited. Scientists say that the gravitational environment of the Earth has set a limit on the height of mountains: the height of mountains on Earth will not exceed 20,000 meters, and is even very difficult to overcome: 15,000 meters. The height of Mount Everest once exceeded 10,000 meters, but it was quickly lowered.
There are mountains on Mars that are taller than those on Earth because Mars’ gravity is much smaller than Earth’s.
The reason Mars has taller mountains than Earth is that Mars’ gravity is much smaller than Earth’s, the planet’s volume is only 1/7 that of Earth’s, and its mass is also only 1/11 that of Earth.
The pressure on Mars is inherently very low, only about 0.75% of the atmospheric pressure on Earth, and when it reaches Mount Olympus, the pressure there reaches only 8% of Mars’ base level; On Mount Everest, the atmospheric pressure is 33%. Therefore, it can be seen that the environment of Mount Olympus will be much worse and harsher than that of Mount Everest.
Small mass and weak gravitational force will increase the height limit of mountains. In fact, the smaller the mass of planets in the universe, the less round their shapes, and the maximum heights of the peaks on their surfaces far exceed those of Earth.
Article source: PNVN
If there is an error with the article Which planet is the largest volcano in the solar system?, or if the content is incorrect, please contact us so we can fix it.
Mount Olympus on Mars is considered the largest mountain in the solar system and the tallest of the eight planets, it is 2.4 times higher than Mount Everest.